World Wars Couldn’t Stop Venice’s Caffe Florian. Covid Did.

The Four Percent

For the Time Capsule series, we spotlight a cherished restaurant, hotel or landmark that’s changed remarkably little over the years. This week, we visit Caffè Florian in Venice, Italy.


Founded in 1720 as “Alla Venezia Trionfante” (Venice the Triumphant), the famous coffeehouse on the city’s Piazza San Marco, soon became known by its owner’s name, Florian. For decades, it served as Venice’s literary and philosophical hub, drawing any number of well-known eggheads, including Goethe, Charles Dickens and Marcel Proust. The cafe also played a role in several early political controversies: In 1796, for example, Venetian authorities shut it down temporarily, worried that pro-revolutionary Jacobins were congregating there, while in 1848, it was the favored meeting spot for Venetian separatists who wanted to see the city-state independent from the Austrian Empire. One of Florian’s most ornate rooms, the “Senate Hall,” redecorated in 1893, is filled with hidden, politically subversive visual references to Freemasonry. The current cafe’s sumptuous style—including ornately frescoed, gilded and mirrored rooms, like the “Oriental Salon,” and “Chinese Salon”—largely dates back to renovations carried out in the mid-19th century. The newest room, the Art Deco-inspired “Sala Liberty,” was added to the café in 1920.


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In any normal February, Florian would double as the unofficial Studio 54 of the annual carnevale, hosting elaborately decked-out revelers within its no less extravagant front rooms. This year was to be particularly raucous—Florian celebrated its 300th birthday last December. But the pandemic, and the loss of nearly 12 months’ worth of tourism, has forced the cafe to temporarily close, with no clear reopening date. Fortunately, nostalgists craving prosecco in a Florian-branded glass can still buy them online. For now, however, both the institution’s staff and its regulars remain in limbo. According to assistant headwaiter Roberto Ferronato, a few costumed carnevale regulars still showed up this month, fully masked, to mourn outside the boarded-up windows. “Who could have imagined something that not even World Wars have caused,” said Mr. Ferronato, whose tenure dates to 1986, of the coronavirus-linked closure. “The bitterness that pervades me is great.” Michele Bronzin, a barman at Florian, calls it more than just a café. “It’s a medicine,” he said.


During its 300-year history, Florian has drawn some of the most notable figures in European history. Here are a few of the cafe’s most famous guests.

Charlie Chaplin and his wife, Oona, in Venice in 1959.


Caffe Florian Archives

Giacomo Casanova (1725-1798)

The Venetian nobleman and memoirist, known for the innumerable romantic conquests he recorded in his diary, visited Florian not merely for its fine coffee and pleasant atmosphere, but also for its clientele. It was the only café in the city to admit women, and thus prime territory for the Lothario.

Charles Dickens (1812-1870)

The Victorian novelist is best remembered as a chronicler of industrial-era London. But his heart seemed to lie at least in part in Venice, which he praised in his 1846 travelogue “Pictures from Italy” as a “strange Dream upon the water.” He was a regular at Florian during his time in the city.

Richard Wagner (1813-1883)

The German composer spent the final months of his life in Venice—and plenty of that time at his favorite cafe: Florian. While wandering the city for inspiration—one biographer claimed that Titian’s painting “The Assumption of the Virgin,” located at the Frari church, inspired the ending of “Tristan und Isolde”—he’d frequently stop in San Marco square for a cappuccino, pastry and people-watching.

Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977)

The silent film actor visited the cafe at least a few times over the years. After a 1931 stop-in, he left behind a doodled self-portrait and a brief review: “Food excellent.”

VENICE TO-GO / Bring the lagoon city home

You can’t pop into Caffè Florian or belly up to Harry’s Bar quite yet, but you can still order up a taste of either one.



Caffè Florian, via its website, sells gift baskets, glassware, porcelain and nonperishable food items, including coffee, leaf tea, prosecco and biscotti. Its newer rival Harry’s Bar, founded in 1931 by Italian bartender Giuseppe Cipriani, was the birthplace of several now-classic cocktails, including the Bellini. Hampers and baskets from the wider Cipriani empire are available online at Or, grab a copy of Marisa Huff’s ’Apertivo: The Cocktail Culture of Italy’ ($35), and learn to mix your own spritzes at home.

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